Engineering is one of the broadest fields in the world; this is mostly because it can be related to different fields. Engineering in itself is an applied science that uses the principles of mathematics and science to come up with practical ends. Engineers are the people that are responsible for the advancement and cultivation of this science.
Recent studies show that out of every ten students choosing to study science in high school six out of them want to go into engineering most because of the high salary package associated with the job, others because of the practicality associated with it.
There are various types of engineers ranging from food engineers to environmental engineers. Below is a list of 5 types of engineers and what exactly they do.
- Mechanical Engineer
Mechanical engineers basically deal with machines and mechanical equipment; from manufacturing to developing and maintenance. Their discipline covers a vast subject area.
They are involved with the generation, distribution and use of energy, the control and automation of manufacturing systems amongst other things.
A mechanical engineer can work in many fields. They can produce power-producing machines: electric generators, internal combustion engines, gas turbines, refrigerators, air conditioners basically anything that can generate power or works with power.
A mechanical engineer can work in an office too: installing and maintaining some of the heavy office equipment like elevators and escalators.
- Chemical Engineer
Chemical engineers develop and design chemical manufacturing processes. They use principles of chemistry, biology, physics and mathematics to solve problems that involve the production or use of chemicals, fuel, drugs, food and many other products. Chemical engineers can also work in different fields: manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, healthcare, design and construction, petrochemicals, food processing, environmental health and safety organizations amongst others.
- Civil Engineering
Civil engineers are builders; they plan design, construct and maintain structures: dams, buildings, roads, bridges e.t.c. They are also responsible for creating, improving and protecting the environment we live in. They not only specialize in constructing buildings they construct tunnels, water supply systems and sewage treatment.
Unlike the chemical and mechanical engineers, civil engineers specialize in one area due to the complexity of their work.
- Electrical and electronics engineer
These engineers design, develop, test and supervise the manufacture of electrical and electronic equipment. They basically deal with electricity, electro magnetism and electronics. They handle broadcast and communications systems, electric motors, machinery controls, and lighting and wiring in buildings, automobiles, aircraft, and radar and navigation systems, power generating, controlling and transmission devices used by electric utilities.
- Bio-medical engineers
Bio-medical engineers apply engineering principles and techniques to the medical field. They combine the design and problem solving skills of engineering with medical and biological sciences to help improve patient health care and the quality of life of individuals. They combine physical, chemical, mathematical, and computational sciences with engineering principles. Biomedical engineers develop innovative biologics, materials, processes, implants, and devices. These innovations are used to prevent, diagnose, and treat diseases, to rehabilitate patients, and to improve health.